Greeting in Indonesia informally can use the words: Hi or Hallo. Formally greeting is done by saying “Apa Kabar”? Although often both are mixed.
More about greeting in Indonesia can be read as follows, and by learning this, might help you if you travel to Indonesia.
Hi, read the same as the pronunciation in English commonly used. The use of this term seems to be an urban uptake that is widely used in Indonesia to greet friends or colleagues who are already familiar.
Hello, read like Halo, this word is the same as hi used in casual and not clumsy conversation.
These two words might seem impolite to people who are not too familiar, Indonesia, like other Asian countries. There are ethics related to respecting older people or respected people. However, this is not always the case.
However, in telephone conversations, greetings with the word hello can still be accepted, with the addition of other words to make it look polite in a formal discussion.
Greetings in formal Indonesian usually use the word “Apa Kabar?” Which means “how are you?”. Sometimes it is mixed with the use of the prefix that is not formal as two words above, perhaps to break the awkward atmosphere.
In the metropolitan areas and cities, usually mixing it applies to even the formal conversation, probably due to the effect of cultural globalization.
In rural areas, it seems that there are still many ethics that are maintained. The eastern ethic that respects older people or people who have certain positions still exists.
Presumably, this difference is related to the lifestyle adopted by urban and rural communities.
In informal greetings, it is usually done with gestures, raising hands as is done in many communities in the world. While on more formal occasions, a handshake while saying a greeting may accompanying a faint smile.
Indonesian society, in general, likes to smile, although this phenomenon rarely exists in metropolitan and individualistic urban communities.
In suburban areas, the tradition of smiling is still often found, often greeting is not done verbally, but only by giving a smile to the person to be addressed is enough to represent words. Non-verbal communication in Indonesia sometimes applies this way.
Shaking hands of men and women, in general, can be done without a rigid attitude. However, some are not willing to touch hands directly because of the faith of each individual, presumably to respect that, there is no need to make physical contact and shake hands directly.
Some greetings are sometimes following with a slight bow. This action is not necessary if it feels too stiff and a little odd for you.
What is Selamat Pagi? The meaning is Good morning.
What is Selamat Siang? The meaning is Good afternoon
What is Selamat Sore? The meaning is Good evening
What is Selamat Malam? The meaning is Goodnight
What is Selamat Jalan? The meaning is Goodbye
What is Sampai Jumpa? The meaning is See you
Sampai Jumpa Kembali
What is Sampai Jumpa Kembali? The meaning is See you again
ANOTHER GREETING WORDS
Another greeting is a greeting related to religious values. The Indonesian government recognizes six religions. Usually, each religion has a specific greeting-related to the belief adopted. But this is not necessary to do if only to greet pleasantries.
Other greetings are related to regional languages that still exist in Indonesia. In Indonesia, many local languages are still used by people besides Indonesian. For more information, please read the article Which Languages Are Spoken In Indonesia And Beneficial Words For Your Travel In Indonesia.
Usually, different regions have different greetings. But the greeting in Indonesian alone, I think, is sufficient to represent the purpose of opening the conversation. Indonesian is generally used and understood by all people in Indonesia.
For more information related to the Indonesian language and greeting in Indonesia can be read here.