Beneficial Words In Indonesia: The language used in Indonesia is Indonesian. English is a language that includes a curriculum in schools. But its use is still very limited in urban areas with a good education.
The language used in Indonesia is Indonesian, Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language used by the people of Indonesia. Educated people in cities usually also have English language skills with various levels of ability. This article will tell you about some of the Beneficial Words In Indonesia that can be useful when traveling.
English is a language that is a part of the syllabus at schools in Indonesia. Besides, sometimes some schools in Indonesia also learn additional languages. Other than the two lingoes above, such as French, Latin, and Arabic.
Is Indonesian easy to learn?
Indonesian is easy to learn. The system used in the Indonesian language is relatively simple; there are no differences in tenses in the time difference.
A time cap put on to indicate the time difference. It is both at the beginning or end of a sentence, either for the future or past. Sometimes to refer to objects, do not use gender, such as ‘She’ or ‘Him,’ translated in Indonesian to “dia.”
The letter “R” is firmly in the reading, maybe similar to Russian people when pronouncing the letter “R.” The letters “R” and “L” have no ambiguity in Indonesian conversation.
The Indonesian language is effortless to learn; if you are curious, you can try to learn uncomplicated Indonesian through Duolingo. It’s a free mobile app or web to learn languages online.
Learning just a few words in Indonesian will be very useful when you visit Indonesia, the few words that you memorize can be beneficial in many regions of Indonesia. And it might be helpful to open a conversation.
Regarding the language and its relationship with tourism or travel and other-languages that are common in Indonesia, I will describe at the bottom of this article in this initialmatters.com blog.
Is English widely spoken in Indonesia?
Some people who want to visit Indonesia might think about, Do they speak English in Indonesia? As already mentioned, English is a language that is a part of the curriculum at schools in Indonesia.
However, its use is still minimal, especially people in the regions still use native regional languages other than Indonesian, so the use of English will be increasingly lacking in the countryside.
While in urban areas like Jakarta, where the number uses Indonesian in everyday conversation, English is becoming more concerned in their learning.
So that more English users in urban areas also have better access to education than in the regions. Yet, the majority of them are passive English users.
In its application, the accent that applies in Indonesia sometimes mixes with the American English accent and the British English dialect. It is also appealing in terms of writing.
These ambiguities often arise because of the background of teachers in different schools — also the influence of Hollywood films that air on television in Indonesia.
But in general, people in Indonesia try to imitate the accent of native speakers when talking, at least during the learning process.
In the internet age, access to information in cyberspace helps people to learn new information because of the need that must be faced to find a solution to a problem.
Moreover, the spread of online games and memes opens up new ways of learning English for the young generation in Indonesia.
Some words in English have has already become the absorption words into Indonesian. The absorption of this term is an ordinary matter in the world of education and research.
Language background in Indonesia
Indonesia is a country that has a population of various backgrounds, diverse cultures, and ethnicities. The number of languages that still live in Indonesia reaches seven hundred ethnic-languages.
The inauguration of Indonesian as a national language has a good effect, which can unite differences from various backgrounds. Still, on the other hand, it can also erode native languages so that from year to year, the number of native-languages that are still alive and used has decreased.
In general, island differences will also be another language used. Even more so, on large islands, only different provinces have different ones, for example, differences regarding it in Bali and Lombok, language differences in Yogyakarta, and Jakarta.
Usually between one ethnic or ethnic group communicates with each other using the Indonesian language when meeting one another.
Indonesian in one region may have diversification compared to the other areas, this also gives rise to dialects and differences in the use of the term, although not so much different.
The Use of Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)
Indonesian is not much different from Malay, and its roots are the same. The Malay language is a language commonly used for trade in the regions of Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei Darussalam.
Indonesian is the official language of the country so that in various state activities, the use of Indonesian is a common thing. Also, you may read an article from The Ministry of Education and Culture of Indonesia about the benefits of the usage of Bahasa Indonesian in Indonesia here.
Various civil administrations, including state documents, also use Indonesian. Enhanced spelling compiles for the benefit of this administration. Learning some Beneficial Words In Indonesia may help you concerning understanding some words in the documents.
A large number of Indonesian citizens make the Indonesian language one of the most widely spoken languages in the world; more than 200 million individuals use Indonesian.
Television programs commonly use Indonesian as the primary language, for formal programs such as news or official talk shows, the use of standard Indonesian is ordinary.
As for entertainment programs and parody, usually, non-standard Indonesian is used. And they contain slang words from Indonesian. This non-standard language is commonly used every day by the people around Jakarta and surrounding cities.
Television sometimes also shows Hollywood, Bollywood, and mandarin films that use the original language without dubbing, but with the addition of subtitles using the Indonesian language.
In terms of the cartoon shows on television. Such as SpongeBob SquarePants, Avatars, Dora the Explorer. Or even in anime. Like Doraemon, Naruto, One-piece or the like are usually on-air in a dubbed format that using Indonesian.
Indonesian Language Writing system
Indonesian in its relation to the world of writing, adopting the Latin alphabet a, b, c, d, e, and so on. Although Indonesians also have letters and other characters that are also studied, the use of the Latin alphabet is common-practice.
The use of the Latin alphabet benefits travelers who are present in Indonesia. Non-verbal communication, signage in vital areas is easier to understand. In several sites like airports or stations, usually, words from Indonesian are side by side with words from English.
Newspapers and magazines generally also use standard Indonesian in their writing, although there are also magazines and newspapers that present information in English in Indonesia, such as the Jakarta Post.
What language is Indonesian similar to?
Indonesian is similar to Malay
The language that is widely used in Indonesia
Javanese is commonly a functional language on the island of Java and Javanese people who migrate to other areas. The Javanese language is also available on google translate.
Because of the large number of Javanese in Indonesia, Javanese is an unofficial language that is widely used by Indonesian people.
The Javanese language is commonly appealing in daily conversations by people in Java, such as in Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Bromo, Borobudur, Semarang, and other areas.
Javanese also has its script, which is more similar to the Palawan script, Sanskrit, and the Thai script. But its use is rarely used. Javanese script will often exist on many signboards in the Yogyakarta area.
In the Javanese language itself, there are also differences in dialects, such as British and American dialects, several different terms apply in explaining certain things.
The use of Javanese in Yogyakarta, Central Java, and East Java tend to be more dominant than the use of Indonesian. Indonesian speaking is in a more formal opportunity than daily conversation.
Sundanese language is the second-largest regional language usage in Indonesia after Javanese. Sundanese language is usually used by Sundanese who lives in the provinces of West Java and Banten (both located on the island of Java).
The widespread use of Sundanese language usually practice in Pasundan; the use of Sundanese language has become an implementation for centuries.
Sundanese language also has its dialects, such as; West Dialect, North Dialect, South Dialect (Priangan), Middle East Dialect, Northeast Dialect, and Southeast Dialect.
Sundanese language is also available in the google translate translator platform.
Malay is a common practice on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan side by side with the use of other languages on the island in harmony.
The Malay language has become widely used for centuries in this archipelago, the use of Malay language still survives until now. Besides, Indonesian also has roots from the Malay language and belongs to the Austronesian family.
Malay language because of its use, which covers a wide area, also finally has dialects that are specific to their respective regions.
Malay language in its writing currently uses the Latin alphabet a, b, c, d, and so on. And also use Arabic script in activities related to religious studies.
The Malay language also has been proposed to be the lingua franca in Southeast Asia because of its extensive usage in Southeast Asia, Malay language in southeast Asia is used in Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia, South Thailand to Timor.
Madura is a language originating from the island of Madura. The island itself exists on the north side, close to the island of Java.
A large number of Madurese and their diaspora to various regions makes this language widely used in Indonesia.
Madura language has widely been practicing in addition to its center on the island of Madura, also used in East Java, Bali, and Kalimantan Island.
Madura language has a unique pronunciation, so the Indonesian people in general easily recognize it.
This distinctive pronunciation of the Madura language also influences the Indonesian dialect used by the Madurese-speaking community, when speaking in the Indonesian national language.
The language of Bali has widely been practicing on the island of Bali, which is famous for its tourism. The lingua of Bali has broadly been a practical matter. Besides, the Balinese language has also become a daily use in several parts on the island of Lombok. It also exists on the eastern side of the island of Java.
Between the Balinese and Javanese communities, there has been a relationship that has existed for centuries. This relation caused the two to exchange words with one another.
Many people think that the two are more similar, but the Balinese language is more scientific in common with the Sasak language used by Sasak people on the island of Lombok on the east of the island of Bali.
The people of Aceh use the Acehnese language. Aceh exists at the northern end of the island of Sumatra, which is one of the largest islands in Indonesia.
The Acehnese language includes in the Malay-Polynesian language family. Those that have a closeness to the Acehnese language are such as the Minangkabau language and Malay language.
The Acehnese language now uses Latin letters as well as Indonesian, but in the background, the Acehnese language has long used the Arabic alphabet (Jawi alphabet).
The widespread use of the Acehnese language is in the coastal region of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province, which has special-autonomy in Indonesia.
Batak language is a group of lingua that are common in North Sumatra. These languages belong to the Malayo-Polynesian family.
AlasKluet Batak Language, this Batak-language, is widely used in Southeast Aceh and South Aceh. Kluet-tribe that uses this language is the origin of the naming of the word itself.
Angkola Batak language, the Batak language in Indonesia has the connotation as a harsh language in pronunciation, but this one has a softer pronunciation. The use of this language is widespread in Padangsidempuan, Batang Toru, Sipirok, and all parts of the South Tapanuli district.
Pakpak Batak language, this language is widely used in the Dairi Regency, Pakpak Bharat in North Sumatra, and parts of Singkil district in Aceh.
The Mandailing Language is practical in several districts. They are North Padang Lawas, Padang Lawas, Padangsidempuan, Batang Toru, Sipirok, all parts of the South Tapanuli district.
The Toba Batak language is one of the words belonging to the Austronesian language family, and its use is widely occurring in the Lake Toba and surrounding areas, including Samosir, North Tapanuli, Humbang Hasundutan, and Toba Samosir, and North Sumatra.
The Minang language is still practical as an everyday language by the Minangkabau people, both domiciled in Sumatra (mostly in western Sumatra), and overseas (Minangkabau people are known as people who like to migrate in Indonesia).
Minang language has many similarities with Malay. Some language scientists consider the Minangkabau Language to be only one dialect of Malay, because of the many similarities in its vocabulary.
Apart from that, the Minangkabau language is, in fact, widely practiced for daily conversation and has different dialects, such as; Rokan dialect, Kampar dialect, Basilam dialect, Indragiri dialect, and Kuantan dialect.
Vocabulary in many Minangkabau languages is being an absorption into Indonesian, in addition to Javanese and Sundanese.
Minang people are known to like to go overseas, but for the Minangkabau people who were born abroad, most of them have used Indonesian in daily conversation.
Bugis language appeal in Maros Regency, Pangkep Regency, Barru Regency, Parepare City, Pinrang Regency, Enrekang Regency, Majene Regency, Luwu Regency, Sidenreng Rappang, Soppeng Regency, Wajo Regency, Bone Regency, Sinjai Regency, Bulukumba Regency, and Regency Bantaeng
Bugis language, as the name suggests, is widely used by the Bugis tribe. In the language family, this Bugis language belongs to the Austronesian language family.
The Bugis language, because of its extensive use, it gives birth to several distinctive dialects, such as the Pinrang dialect, Bone dialect, Soppeng dialect, Wajo dialect, Barru dialect, Sinjai dialect, and so on. Bugis language is widely spoken on the island of Sulawesi and also overseas Bugis people.
Betawi-language is common within Betawi people who live in Jakarta, Betawi has long been in contact with various foreign and ethnic groups. The Betawi language has the same family with Malay and influences Indonesian in general.
Words in Indonesian that are Useful for Tourists Traveling to Indonesia
Learning some vocabulary in Indonesian will be very useful for tourists who want to travel to Indonesia, especially as a solo traveler.
Knowing a few Beneficial Words In Indonesia can be useful for opening a conversation or for more mingling with the community, even though further discussions will conduct in English. Every effort counts!
Communities in rural areas usually do not use English in everyday conversation, whereas internet connections in rural areas are sometimes not in an ethical and stable condition.
Learning some useful terms will be very helpful in finding solutions to small problems that we see in tourism in rural areas. These are some beneficial words in Indonesia for your Travel advantages.
Beneficial Words In Indonesia: How do you greet someone in Indonesia?
Greetings in Indonesian usually begin with the word “Selamat”, such as:
– Good morning: Selamat Pagi
– Good afternoon: Selamat Siang
– Good evening: Selamat Sore
– Goodnight: Selamat Malam
– Goodbye: Selamat Jalan
– Welcome: Selamat Datang
Beneficial Words In Indonesia: Knowing the name of the places and means of transportation in Indonesian may also be useful if an internet connection constrains Google platform access.
Railway Station: Stasiun
Bus Stop: Halte
Train: Kereta Api
Bus: Bus (booze)
Waterfall: Air Terjun
Parking area: Parkir
Shopping mall: Mall
Drug store: Apotek
Beneficial Words In Indonesia: Some names of goods in Indonesian that might be useful for travelers in Indonesia:
Sim card: Sim card
Beneficial Words In Indonesia; Some other words that are often used:
Thanks: Terima Kasih
Beneficial Words In Indonesia: Direction words that might be useful for those visiting Indonesia, Bali, Raja Ampat, and other places:
You can also get Indonesian translations of thousands of English words from the English–Indonesian Dictionary at Cambridge Dictionary here.
Interested in traveling to Indonesia? also, read What Do I Need To Travel To Indonesia As A Solo Traveler, And Where To Go
If there is other information needed by the reader, just leave a message in the comments column, I will reply periodically.